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Thread: Third Form Latin - Lesson 30 - worksheet 4

  1. #1
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    Default Third Form Latin - Lesson 30 - worksheet 4

    Hi,

    We have a couple of questions regarding the translation exercises on worksheet 4, lesson 30.

    Question 6 - "Let us live more happily." is translated as "Vivamus felicius." A more accurate translation of felicius is fortunate or lucky not happy, as written in the text.

    Question 8 - "Our men overcame the province slowly and with the most difficulty." is translated as "Nostri provinciam lente et difficillime superaverunt." We had two questions regarding this translation, why isn't difficillime not translated as difficilissimus and secondly why is the 'cum' not translated into Latin.

    Question 10- "The citizens of the city felt the danger..." is translated as "urbs cives famis periculam..." we were confused about the ending for periculam.

    Finally, my daughter was trying to figure out how to distinguish between regular comparison adverbs, in particular the comparative adverbs. For instance, on page 92 of the student textbook, there is a list of the 1st/2nd and 3rd comparative adverbs. For the 1st/2nd comparative adjective 'wider' is translated as 'latior, latius', and the adverb 'more widely' is translated as 'latius'. How is she to distinguish between the adverb and the adjective when they are written identically? Any suggestions?

    Thank you
    Catherine

    Dd - 12 - full core 7A
    Dd - 10 - full core 5A

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Third Form Latin - Lesson 30 - worksheet 4

    Quote Originally Posted by Aquila View Post
    Hi,

    We have a couple of questions regarding the translation exercises on worksheet 4, lesson 30.

    Question 6 - "Let us live more happily." is translated as "Vivamus felicius." A more accurate translation of felicius is fortunate or lucky not happy, as written in the text.

    Question 8 - "Our men overcame the province slowly and with the most difficulty." is translated as "Nostri provinciam lente et difficillime superaverunt." We had two questions regarding this translation, why isn't difficillime not translated as difficilissimus and secondly why is the 'cum' not translated into Latin.

    Question 10- "The citizens of the city felt the danger..." is translated as "urbs cives famis periculam..." we were confused about the ending for periculam.

    Finally, my daughter was trying to figure out how to distinguish between regular comparison adverbs, in particular the comparative adverbs. For instance, on page 92 of the student textbook, there is a list of the 1st/2nd and 3rd comparative adverbs. For the 1st/2nd comparative adjective 'wider' is translated as 'latior, latius', and the adverb 'more widely' is translated as 'latius'. How is she to distinguish between the adverb and the adjective when they are written identically? Any suggestions?

    Thank you
    Good afternoon,

    #6: "Felix" frequently means "happy," but since that meaning isn't taught in the Forms, "laétius" would be less confusing. This has actually already been fixed in the more recent printings.

    #8: In this sentence both "slowly" and "with the greatest difficulty" are adverbs. The former is positive, so "lentē" is used. The latter is superlative, so "difficíllimē" is used. The "with" is actually part of the adverbs meaning:

    difficíliter (with difficulty)
    difficílius (with more difficulty)
    difficíllimē (with the most difficulty)

    #10: "Periculam" should be "periculum." This is another typo that has since been fixed.

    Final Question: Correct, the nominative and accusative singular of the comparative adjective are identical to the comparative adverb. Only context will distinguish them. If the form is an adjective, it will usually be modifying another word in the sentence. If it is alone, and especially if it is near or adjacent to the verb, it will probably be the adverb.

    You all continue to have excellent questions and observations. Keep 'em coming
    Michael
    Memoria Press

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Third Form Latin - Lesson 30 - worksheet 4

    Hi,

    Thank you. Almost to the end of the book. Two more chapters to go!
    Catherine

    Dd - 12 - full core 7A
    Dd - 10 - full core 5A

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